“This magical city of Prague! No other city is looking at the visitor with such wonderful, humane and intelligent eyes as Prague”- wrote Russian poet Fedor Tyutchev.
Nowadays, Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic and fourteenth largest city in the European Union. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of nearly 2.0 million. The city has a temperate oceanic climate with warm summers and chilly winters, and is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of twentieth century Europe. The main attractions include: Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square, the Jewish Quarter, the Lennon Wall, and Petřín hill. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, boasting more than ten major museums, along with countless theatres, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits: it is classified as a Beta+ global city according to GaWCstudies, comparable to Berlin, Rome, or Houston. Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination, and the city receives more than 4.1 million international visitors annually, as of 2009. In 2011, Prague was the sixth most visited city in Europe.